Fennel is native to Mediterranean but is used in many cuisines worldwide. It has been cultivated in many countries. India is the largest fennel producer in the world.
Fennel seeds are used as a spice, and other parts can be cooked like any other vegetable. Fennel is versatile and very easy to make and has many health benefits. Here is all you should know about fennel:
This plant is a great source of all essential vitamins and minerals and fiber. Fennel has only 25 calories per cup. It is also one of the best sources of antioxidant in the world. With its high fiber and potassium content, it helps keep your digestive system and heart healthy. Plus, it has no cholesterol.
How to use it
All parts of the plant are edible and can be used for cooking. You can prepare the bulb as any other vegetable. Its flower is small, yellow and has a fragrant smell, making it the most expensive part of the plant. Its leaves are used as a garnish. Choose a bulb that is large and fresh, with green leaves and crispy stalks.
You can dry fennel seeds and add them to your tea. Its seeds go great with Mediterranean cuisine, (fish, tomatoes, olives, olive oil). They are also a great addition to any salad, soup, ragu or fruit salad. Indians chew on fennel seeds after every meal.
Indians consume these to keep their eyes healthy. For many years, the Romans have been using this herb as a medicine, due to its ability to improve their vision and prevent dry eye syndrome. Several studies have found that this vegetable fennel helps people with glaucoma. It can also slow down age-related macular degeneration. This plant can also be used to prevent of watery eyes and fatigue.
Iron and copper are essential minerals needed for the production of red blood cells. People who suffer from iron deficiency need to consume this plant. Iron deficiency (anemia) can cause fatigue and weakness in your legs and muscles. Due to its high levels of iron, it can increase your blood flow and production of hemoglobin. Iron and oxygen are needed for optimal health and brain function. It can also lower your risk of Alzheimer’s disease or dementia.
Fennel is also a great source of potassium. Potassium is known to help patients with hypertension. This allows blood vessels to relax and keep the blood pressure in the normal range. Due to its high magnesium content, it can help you sleep better. Magnesium has been shown to improve the quality and duration of sleep. Plus, this plant can also help regulate your metabolism, and help prevent insomnia, and other sleep disorders.
Its seeds shouldn’t be eaten in a large quantity. If eaten in large quantities, these seeds can cause hallucinations and seizures. It may exacerbate painful symptoms further estrogen reduction, because of its high levels of estrogenic compounds in it. Pregnant women should not consume excessive amounts of fennel seeds.